ticks are not nidicolous
(except Ixodes), in other words they do not live
They are mostly found in open environments and are active
during warm seasons. Their lifespan varies and can range
from several months to 2-3 years. Hard
feed slowly and secrete cement to attach to the host. Some
species may target a different host species for each lifestage.
Females can grow up to 120 times their original size. Mating
takes place on the host (except for Ixodes) before
the female can engorge, lay thousands of eggs
(over 23.000) and die.
Disease transmission is reported to occur more commonly
via adult females, although larval and nymphal stages can
are 13 known hard tick genera, namely:Ixodes, Amblyomma,
Dermacentor, Haemaphysalis, Boophilus, Rhipicephalus, Aponnoma,
Margaropus, Nosomma, Rhipicentor, Cosmiomma and
Anomalohimalaya. The last six names cited are
relatively rare and have not be included in the key.