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Avian Influenza
A study of the H5N1 virus

--general info and chapters
--full document (pdf)

Superficial Dermatitis

--general info

Malassezia pachydermatis
--general info

Mud Fever
D. congolensis

--general info

MRSA in Pets
Methicillin Resistant
Staphylococcus aureus

--MRSA Research
--Newspaper clip

--Press Release

Anti-microbial research applications
--health benefits
--background info
--Press Release


Tick Identification Key


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Equine cutaneous microflora
Normal resident bacteria
--general info

Equine gut microflora
--general info















Veterinary Microbiology


· Berk, S. H., Penneys, N. S., Weinstein, G. D. (1974) Epidermal activity in annular dermatophytosis. Archives Dermatology, 109: 369.

· Blackford, J. (1984) Superficial and Deep Mycoses in Horses. Veterinary Clinics of North America: large Animal Practice, 6(1): 47-58.

· Carter, G. R., (1990) Dermatophytes and Dermatophytoses. In (eds.) Carter, G. R., Cole, J. R. Diagnostic Procedures in Veterinary Bacteriology and Mycology. Fifth Edition, San Diego; California; London; Academic Press, Inc, p.381-404.

· Cutsem, V. J., Rochette, F. (1991) Horses. In Cutsem, V. J., Rochette, F. Mycoses in Domestic Animals. Janssen research Foundation, p.65-71.

· DeBoer, D. J., Moriello, K. (1993) Humoral and cellular immune responses to Microsporum canis in naturally occurring feline dermatophytosis. Journal of Medical and Veterinary Mycology, 31(2): 121-134.

· DeBoer, D. J., Moriello, K. A. (1994) The immune response to Microsporum canis induced by a fungal cell wall vaccine. Veterinary Dermatology, 5: 47.

· DeBoer, D. J., Moriello, K. A., Cairns, R. (1995) Clinical update on feline dermatophytosis-Part II. Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian, 17 (12): 1471-1480.

· Dwight, C. H., Yuan, C. Z. (1999) Veterinary Microbiology. England, Blackwell Science.

· English, M. P. (1978) The dysgonic strain of Microsporum canis. Mycopathologia, 64: 73.

· English, M. P., Tucker, W. D. L. (1978) Atypical strains of Microsporum canis. Mycopathologia, 63: 113.

· Foil, C. S. (1990) Dermatophytosis. In Griffin, C. E. (eds). Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat. Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders, p. 659.

· Foil, C. S. (1993) Dermatophytosis. In Griffin, C. E. (eds). Current Veterinary Dermatology. St. Louis, Mosby Year Book, p. 22.

· Greer, D. L. (1990) Dermatophytosis (Ringworm). Antifungal Drug Therapy. A Complete Guide for the Practitioner, 5 (22): 5-22.

· Gordon, P. J., Bond, R. (1996) Efficacy of a live attenuated Trichophyton verrucosum vaccine for control of bovine dermatophytosis. Veterinary Record, 139 (16): 395-396.

· Gray, P. (1995) Parasites and Skin Diseases. J. A. Allen and Company Ltd.

· Guillot, J., Malandain, E., Jankowski, F., Rojzner, K., Fournier, C., Touati, F., Chermette, R., Seewald, W., Schenker, R. (2002) Evaluation of the efficacy of oral Lufenuron combined with topical enilconazole for the management of dermatophytosis in catteries. Veterinary Record, 150 (23): 714-718.

· Gupta, M. P., Kapur, N., Bala, I., Khuller, G. K. (1991) Studies of the mode of action of Tolnaftate in Microsporum gypseum. Journal of Medical and Veterinary Mycology, 29 (1): 45-52.

· Hay, R. J., Brostoff, J. (1977) Immune responses in patients with chronic Trichophyton rubrum infections. Clinical Experimental Dermatology, 2: 373.

· Jaham, C. D., Paradis, M., Papich, M. G. (2000a) Traditional Antifungal Dermatologic Agents. Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian, 22 (5): 461-469.

· Jaham, C. D., Paradis, M., Papich, M. G. (2000b) Antifungal Dermatologic Agents: Azoles and Allylamines. Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian, 22 (6): 549-567.

· Jones, H. E., Reinhart, J. H., Rinaldi, M. G. (1974) Acquired immunity to dermatophytes. Archives Dermatology, 109: 369.

· Kaplan, W., Ivens, M. S. (1961) Observations on seasonal variations in incidence of ringworm in dogs and cats in the U.S.A. Sabouraudia, 1: 91.

· Lewis, D. T. (1991) Epidemiology and clinical features of dermatophytosis in dogs and cats at Louisiana State University: 1981-1990. Veterinary Dermatology, 2:

· Mahmoud, A. (1995) Dermatophytes and other keratinophilic fungi causing
ringworm of horses. Folia Microbiologica, 40 (3): 293-296.

· Mancianti, F., Giannelli, C., Bendinelli, Poli, A. (1992) Mycological findings in
feline immunodeficiency virus-infected cats. Journal of Medical and Veterinary Mycology, 30: 257.

· McNeely, W., Spencer, C. M. (1998) Butenafine. Drugs, 55 (3): 405-412.

· Mignon, B. R., Losson, B. J. (1997) Prevalence and characterization of Microsporum canis carriage in cats. Journal of Medical and Veterinary Mycology, 35 (4): 249- 256.

· Millanta, F., Pedonese, F., Mancianti, F. (2000) Relationship between in vivo and in vitro activity of terbinafine against Microsporum canis infection in cats. Journal of Mycologie Medicale, 10 (1): 30-33.

· Moretti, A., Boncio, L., Pasquali, P. J., Fioretti, D. P. (1998) Epidemiological Aspects of Dermatophyte Infections in Horses and Cattle. Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 45 (4): 205-208.

· Moriello, K. A., DeBoer, D. J. (1994) Efficacy of systemic antifungal agents in the treatment of feline dermatophytosis. Proceedings of the Annual Members' Meeting of the American Academy of Veterinary Dermatology and the American College of Veterinary Dermatology, Charleston, SC, p. 31.

· Moriello, K. A, Kunkle, G. A., DeBoer, D. J. (1994) Isolation of dermatophytic fungi from the hair coat of cats from two regions in the United States. Veterinary Dermatology, 5: 57.

· Moriello, K. A., DeBoer, D. J. (1995) Feline Dermatophytosis recent advances and Recommendations for Therapy. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 25 (4): 901-921.

· Pascoe, R. R. R., Knottenbelt, D. C. (1999) Manual of Equine Dermatology. London, W. B. Saunders.

· Philopt, C. M., Newman, J. M. (1992) Preclinical report on the isolation of a
dysgonic variety of Microsporum canis together with the normal variety from a cattery. Mycopathologia, 120: 73.

· Pier, A. C., Zancanella, P. J. (1993) Immunization of Horses Against Dermatophytosis Cause by Trichophyton equinum. Equine Practice, 15 (8): 23- 27.

· Quaife, R. A., Womar, S. M. (1982) Microsporum canis isolations form show cats. Veterinary Record, 110 (14): 333-334.

· Quinn, P. J., Carter, M. E., Markey, B., Carter, G. R. (1994) Clinical Veterinary Microbiology. London, Wolfe Publishing.

· Rosser, E. J. Jr. (1995) Infectious Crusting Dermatoses. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice, 11 (1): 53-56.

· Rybnikar, A., Vrzal, V., Chumela, J., Petras, J. (1997) Immunization of Cats Against Microsporum Canis. Acta Veterinary Brno, 66 (3): 177-181.

· Scott, D. W., Muller, W. H., Griffin, G. E. (1995) Muller and Kirks Small Animal Dermatology. Fifth Edition, Philadelphia; London, W. B. Saunders.

· Sparkes, A. H., Werrett, G., Stokes, C. R., Gruffyddjones, T. J. (1994) Fluorescence microscopy with calcofluor white-improved sensitivity in the diagnosis of dermatophytosis. Veterinary Record, 134 (12): 307-308.

· Wawrzkiewicz, K., Wawrzkiewicz, J. (1992) An Inactivated Vaccine Against Ringworm. Comparative Immunology Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 15 (1): 31-40.

· Wawrzkiewicz, K., Ziolkowska, G. (1996) Specific Immunoprophylaxis in Microsporum canis Infection in Guinea Pigs. Journal De Mycologie Medicale, 6 (2): 56-62.

· Wawrzkiewicz, K., Sadzikowski, Z., Ziolkowska, G., Wawrzkiewicz, J. (2000) The Inactivated Vaccine Against Microsporum canis Infection in Cats. Medycyna Weterynaryjna, 56 (4): 245-250.

· Wiggins, E. J. D. (2000-2001) Investigation into the effects of an antifungal agent on the growth of equine ringworm in-vitro. University study for HND Animal science and Behavioural studies.

· Zaror, L., Fischmann, O., Vilanova, A. (1986) The role of cats and dogs in the epidemiological cycle of Microsporum canis. Mycoses, 29: 185.

· Ziony, Y. B., Arzi, B. (2000) Use of lufenuron for treating fungal infections of dogs and cats: 297 cases (1997-1999). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 217 (10): 1510- 1513.

· Ziony, Y. B., Arzi, B. (2002) Comments on dosing lufenuron. Journal of the Veterinary Medical Association, 221 (7): 932-932.